This condition is a buildup of excess cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. It is caused by an imbalance in how much fluid the brain produces and the body’s inability to process it appropriately for a given reason.
Knowing what has caused the buildup of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain will decide what management is necessary to resolve the condition. This can vary from medication to paediatric neurosurgery (which is the most common option). Surgery is conducted after a detailed paediatric anaesthetic MRI scan, after which a drainage tube is placed to relieve the fluid buildup.
Spina bifida (an incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes around the spinal cord) holds a common association with congenital hydrocephalus. Antenatal surgery can be offered if timing and conditions are optimal. Neurosurgical drainage however, will still be required in the long run.
Elective delivery and close fetal monitoring with ultrasound is almost inevitable. Fetal surgery can take place in rare cases. The main challenge post surgery is wound care to prevent infection and additional complications.